Create a responsive design in android studio to fit all screen sizes

by | Dec 5, 2019 | Android, Android for Beginners, Basics, Layouts in Android Studio, UI UX | 0 comments

Before getting in to today’s topic. Which is Create a responsive design in android using Constraint layout in Android Studio, we will be looking forward to answering the questions arrived in many minds and also learn why to use Androidx constraint layout in android studio tutorial.

  • How to set screen layout to support all screen sizes?
  • Make an android app responsive in android studio?
  • How to make android app to fit all screen sizes?
  • Android layout design for different screen sizes?

So the answer to all the above mentioned and related questions is given in this tutorial. We will use Constraint layout which is a screen layout to support all screen sizes in android studio.

What is a Constraint layout in Android Studio?

Constraint layout is a Group-View (Layout) which includes all the other Views inside it to create an android application. Constraint layout uses constraints to place a view anywhere on the screen. It is more flexible and easy to use layout as compare to any other layouts in android studio. Constraint layout is one of latest best releases of android studio to design an application and it appears as default layout on every activity. In today’s tutorial we will be creating a responsive design in android studio using Constraint layout and also over come some of the main problems of designing in constraint layout.

Androidx Constraint layout?

AndroidX is a major change in android support libraries which are no longer maintained by the android studio where as Constraint layout was once a part of support libraries and has been released by them. But now the constraint layout has been superseded by the androidx and no longer supported by the android support libraries. Now and onward use androidx to create your projects and also try to change your old projects to androidx.

How to make android app responsive in android studio?

In this tutorial we will be learning how to create a responsive design in android studio using constraint layout.

  • Create a new project.
  • Move to the XML and choose a Constraint layout as a parent layout
  • Create Views with V capital
  • Place them accordingly to test the screen sizes
  • Set all the constraints to there most nearest neighbors
  • Change the width to match constraint in the design panel for horizontal responsiveness
  • Also height to match constraint if vertical responsiveness required.
  • Recheck that all the constraints are set.
  • Run the project and it will be responsive to all types of screen sizes in android studio.

Code for responsive app design in android studio | Constraint layout

  • Open XML
  • Delete what ever is in that
  • Copy the code pasted below
  • Paste it inside your activity’s XML
  • Run the projec
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <View
        android:id="@+id/view12"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#FB8C00"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/view9"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/view4" />
    <View
        android:id="@+id/view11"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#C0CA33"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/view10"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/view2" />

    <View
        android:id="@+id/view10"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#FDD835"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/view9"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/view11"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/view2" />

    <View
        android:id="@+id/view4"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="200dp"
        android:background="#3949AB"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toTopOf="@+id/view12"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="1.0"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/view2"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

    <View
        android:id="@+id/view3"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#5E35B1"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toTopOf="@+id/view4"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/view2"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

    <View
        android:id="@+id/view2"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#8E24AA"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toTopOf="@+id/view11"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/view3"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

    <View
        android:id="@+id/view9"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#FFB300"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toStartOf="@+id/view12"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/view10"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/view4" />
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

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